The Diffusion of Inclusion: An Open Polity Model of Ethnic Power Sharing

Kristian Skrede Gleditsch
Comparative Political Studies. Forthcoming.
While there is a growing consensus that ethnic inclusion produces peace, less is known about what causes transitions to power sharing between ethnic groups in central governments in multiethnic states. The few studies that have addressed this question have proposed explanations stressing exclusively domestic factors. Yet, power sharing is spatially clustered, which suggests that diffusion may be at play. Inspired by studies of democratic diffusion, we study the spread of inclusive policies with an “open polity model” that explicitly traces diffusion from inclusion in other states. Our findings indicate that the relevant diffusion processes operate primarily at the level of world regions rather than globally or between territorial neighbors. Thus, the more inclusive the region, the more likely a shift to power sharing becomes. Shifts away from inclusion to dominance are less common since World War II, but they are more likely in regional settings characterized by ethnic exclusion.
URL:
DOI:
Cederman, Lars-Erik, Kristian Skrede Gleditsch, and Julian Wucherpfennig. 2017. “The Diffusion of Inclusion: An Open Polity Model of Ethnic Power Sharing.” Comparative Political Studies. Forthcoming.
@article{diffusion-of-inclusion,
   title = {The Diffusion of Inclusion: An Open Polity Model of Ethnic Power Sharing},
   author = {Cederman, Lars-Erik and Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede and Wucherpfennig, Julian},
   year = {2017},
   journal = {Comparative Political Studies.},
   volume = {Forthcoming.},
   number = {},
   pages = {},
   abstract = {While there is a growing consensus that ethnic inclusion produces peace, less is known about what causes transitions to power sharing between ethnic groups in central governments in multiethnic states. The few studies that have addressed this question have proposed explanations stressing exclusively domestic factors. Yet, power sharing is spatially clustered, which suggests that diffusion may be at play. Inspired by studies of democratic diffusion, we study the spread of inclusive policies with an ``open polity model'' that explicitly traces diffusion from inclusion in other states. Our findings indicate that the relevant diffusion processes operate primarily at the level of world regions rather than globally or between territorial neighbors. Thus, the more inclusive the region, the more likely a shift to power sharing becomes. Shifts away from inclusion to dominance are less common since World War II, but they are more likely in regional settings characterized by ethnic exclusion.},
   doi = {},
   url = {}
}